LIFESTYLE WELLNESS

When are Heart Palpitations dangerous ?

Overview

Heart Palpitations are certain feelings near the chest area such as sensations of heart skipping beats or adding extra beats or racing beats, during palpitations there may be alter of heart rhythm, often which are not to worry about and cure of its own without any physical treatments but in certain cases palpitations need to be looked by a professional to overcome any potential heart related issues which will be discussed below.

What does heart palpitations feels like ?

During heart palpitations you may experience:

  • Fluttering like feeling near your heart area.
  • Sudden increase of heart rate.
  • Becoming aware of your heart beats.
  • Pounding and strong heart beats.
  • Often you feels like that your heart beats are reaching your throat.
  • During palpitations you may also feel pressure in your head region.
  • You may feel that your heart is skipping beats and sometime adding extra beats.

Possible causes of heart palpitations

Heart palpitations causes can be categorised into two groups:

Non heart related causes

  • Anxiety and depression
  • Panic
  • Stress
  • Insomnia
  • Physical activities
  • Low lifestyle
  • Thyroid hormone imbalance
  • Too much caffeine intake
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy
  • Vagus nerve irritation
  • Sugar imbalance
  • Dehydration
  • Use of recreational drugs
  • Due to some prescribed medicines

Heart related causes

  • Arrhythmia
  • Coronary artery diseases
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Heart failure
  • Heart valve problems
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Ventricular tachycardia

When heart palpitations need medical attention ?

Heart palpitations are so common that everybody experiences them oftentimes, almost 90% of the palpitations that occurs are almost normal and a common part of the day to day life, they need not to be looked about many a times. Anxiety and depression is the number one cause of heart palpitations, stress hormones plays a key role in increasing heart rate and blood pressure, and when you have anxiety related issues these hormones fires at any time increasing heart rate even when you don’t need them causing feelings of palpitations.

But sometimes heart palpitations can be a underlying cause of a more serious life threatening condition that need to be checked by a professional doctor as soon as possible.

When heart palpitations comes with any of the symptoms given below you should get a medical check up as soon as possible.

  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Loosing consciousness
  • Cold sweats
  • Fainting
  • State of confusion

Heart palpitations with any other symptoms listed above are a matter of concern, with today’s technologies any heart related issue can easily be looked at with the help of special cardiac monitor devices, you should not hesitate to talk to your doctor the soon you talk to your doctor soon is the chances for your recovery.

What is Vagus nerve induced heart palpitations ?

Image Credits: https://www.rtihs.org/

Vagus nerve is the longest nerve of the autonomic nervous system, having various functions one of which is stimulating muscles in the heart, and helping in lowering heart rate.

Sometimes people experiences heart palpitations due to vagus nerve irritations caused by certain bodily postures. If you think your palpitations comes occasionally when you get yourself into a certain body posture then they are 90% because of vagus nerve irritation. There is nothing to worry about, just try sitting upright or stand, and if you see your palpitations disappear then they were certainly caused by vagus nerve.

These induced palpitations are almost not to worry about, in very rare cases they can be dangerous and need to be looked.

How to calm down heart palpitations ?

Non cardiac related palpitations can easily be stopped. As mentioned earlier most of the palpitations are a result of sedentary lifestyle, little bit change in the way of living will definitely help in improving the condition.

Following points are very helpful during heart palpitations :

  • Do not panic
  • Try breathing exercises
  • Yoga and meditation is helpful in calming down palpitations
  • Avoid thinking about palpitations, this will help reducing anxiety
  • Wash your face with cold water
  • Have good amount of water

Treatment

Treatment of heart palpitations really depends upon the cause, medical examination is must to find out any potential risk factors. Various test such as Electrocardiography(ECG), Ecocardiography, Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are helpful finding any problem with the cardiac system.

For non heart related induced palpitations you can try some of the mentioned points below:

  • Limit the use of caffeine and alcoholic beverages
  • Take proper care of anxiety or depression conditions if have any
  • Try relaxation exercises such as yoga, deep breathing and meditation
  • Always take a balanced diet
  • Try to keep your blood sugar and blood pressure under control
  • Always try to identify the triggers of your palpitations and do discuss them with your doctor

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